Học phát âm | phần 13: Cụm rút gọn và Ngữ điệu

VOCA đăng lúc 08:11 19/06/2018

Bài viết và video hướng dẫn chi tiết cách phát âm các cụm từ rút gọn theo phương pháp học phát âm tiếng Anh chuẩn với Pronunciation Workshop của tác giả Paul S. Gruber.

Bài học này bao gồm:
  • Cụm rút gọn (Phrase Reductions)
  • Ngữ điệu (Intonation)
Hướng dẫn:
- Bước 1: Các bạn xem video bài học ở trên và làm theo những gì thầy Paul Gruber hướng dẫn. (Có sẵn phụ đề)
- Bước 2: Sau khi đã nắm vững lý thuyết, các bạn có thể ứng dụng chúng vào phần bài tập bên dưới. 
- Bước 3: Các bạn cài đặt ứng dụng học phát âm của VOCA để thực hành. 

Cụm rút gọn

(Going to try) becomes gunna try
I’m gunna try to fnish this book.

(Want to eat) becomes ‘wanna eat

Do you wanna eat at seven o’clock?

(Have to start) becomes ‘hafta start
I hafta start a diet tomorrow.

(Has to try) becomes ‘hasta try’

He hasta try harder.

(Got to leave) becomes ‘gotta leave’
I gotta leave in fifteen minutes.

(Ought to believe) becomes ‘oughta believe’
She oughta believe what he is saying.

(Out of bed) becomes ‘outa bed’
I got outa bed when I heard the alarm clock.

(Did you go?) becomes ‘Didja go’
Didja go to the store?

(Would he help?) becomes ‘Woody help’
Woody help me move the furniture?

(Won’t you play?) becomes ‘Woncha play’
Woncha play one more song on the piano?

(Didn’t you know?) becomes ‘Didincha know’
Didincha know that she was coming home tomorrow?

(Is he?) becomes ‘Izzy 
Izzy the one that called?

(What do you want?) becomes ‘Whadaya_want’

(Give it to me.) becomes ‘GividaMe
Gividame right away.

Luyện tập ngữ điệu

Have you ever tried one of Diane’s Donuts? They are so delicious. I have eaten
many different kinds of donuts, from all over the country; however, I have
never tasted anything, quite like Donuts made by Diane. I have been told that
she uses the finest and freshest ingredients that money can buy. The best flour,
the best eggs and the best milk. I am sure, that once you taste these incredible
donuts, you will run and tell all of your friends.

Trọng Âm

Tổng quan, từ có 2 âm tiết thì trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết đầu.

Từ có 2 âm tiết (Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết đầu)

Sofa Uncle
Afer Father
Finger Children
Station Walking
Second Jacket
Enter Lucky
Ofen Comment
Từ 2 âm tiết (Trọng âm rơi vào âm thứ 2)
Delete Advice
Decline Acquit
Survive Control
Protect Arrive
Adopt Involve
Advance Massage
Below Disease
Resolve Relate
Từ 3 âm tiết (Trọng âm rơi vào âm thứ 2)
Reduction Discover
Arrangement Unlawful
Audition Conclusion
Companion Assemble
Detective Adjustment
Ambitious Affected
Companion Acceptance
Appliance Ferocious
Luyện tập trọng âm trong những câu sau:
  • The pictures are fantastic.
  • He needs permission to find a solution.
  • The party is in honor of his retirement.
  • Her son exhibited bad behavior on their vacation.
Bài tập so sánh

Joe drinks cheap wine.
Sue only drinks expensive wine.

Don’t forget his birthday.
We would never forget his birthday.

She’s planning to leave tomorrow.
He made plans to leave a month ago.

The Teacher’s meeting is at 9:00.
The students announced that they will never have a meeting.

My telephone isn’t working.
The telephone needs to work by lunchtime.

He’s painting his house blue and green.
Your house would look terrible if it were green.

Thảo luận